The hottest power system reform is difficult to st

2022-07-22
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Reform of electric power system: the difficulties are hard to stop on the journey

in the institutional reform plan of the State Council, although the "Ministry of energy" has not been established, what about the energy management system? It requires more precise control over the direction of the reform and the core values advocated by the reform, such as "the principle of simplification and unified efficiency", "the mutual restriction and coordination of decision-making power, executive power and supervision power", have been widely recognized. At present, the decision-making, management and supervision structure of the power industry at the national level, with the National Energy Commission, the national energy administration and the national household appliance Regulatory Commission as the main bodies, is bound to become the engine for accelerating the reform of the power system in the future

however, the reform of power system is grand and complex. Although the prospect is bright, it is inevitable to encounter whirlpool. Has the macro environment of "large ministry system", "double prevention" and "tightening" this year affected the process of power system reform? What are the breakthroughs and difficulties in the reform? Where will the reform be directed? Many problems have been solved one by one by relevant experts and scholars

the surging tide of reform will not waver

"after more than five years of exploration, China's power system reform has achieved preliminary results. The power market has opened up new fields in the constant inquiry and demonstration of the reformers, the supply-demand relationship has become balanced, the competition pattern on the power generation side has emerged, and the power supply enterprises are full of vitality." During the interview, Professor liujipeng, director of the law and economic research center of China University of political science and law, made an opening speech, summarizing the results of China's power system reform

wujingru, consultant of China Development Bank, believes that plant separation is successful in practice and has achieved good results. Without this reform, it would be impossible to achieve at least four goals that have been achieved. First, it is impossible to put 10million kilowatts of installed capacity into operation every year for power supply construction; Second, electric power technology can not progress so fast; Third, the cost of power plants cannot be reduced so much in such a short time; Fourth, the management level of power enterprises can not have such a huge improvement

the impact of reform is not temporary and partial, but long-term and comprehensive. In this regard, wuzhonghu, a researcher at the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, believes that the "No. 5 document of the State Council" has shown that the general direction of the power system reform will not change, and the overall situation and trend of the reform cannot be changed. In the process of reform, what needs to be discussed is how to do more in line with the objective law of power development, in line with China's national conditions, how to reflect Chinese characteristics, and in line with the spirit of the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. "There is no doubt that the reform of the power system exists objectively, and the spring tide is advancing."

the plan of "large ministry system" is to speed up the reform of electricity.

in early March this year, the "two sessions" were held. The final adoption of the "large department system" plan provides an opportunity for further deepening the reform of the power system

"the newly established energy management organization is not a simple change of organization name." During the "two sessions", Rong Guangdao, a representative of the National People's Congress in the energy field, chairman and general manager of Shanghai Petrochemical Co., Ltd., told that China's energy management system reform has experienced several waves due to the heavy accumulation of "Jiulong water control" in the energy field for many years. The institution name

said that the change itself is not new. It is gratifying that the core issues related to the reform of China's energy institutions, such as "must change", "how to change" and "where to go", have reached a consensus at the national level, laying a foundation for further reform in the future

gaoshiji, deputy director of the strategy and Regional Economic Research Department of the development research center of the State Council, believes that the power industry has become the field with the most government intervention due to its unique technical and economic characteristics. Since the reform of the power system in 2002, there have been more subjects participating in the competition in the power industry and more explicit interest demands. There are not only conflicts of interest between power supply enterprises and consumers, but also conflicts of interest among enterprises in different links of the power industry, especially among enterprises competing in the same market. This requires fair and reasonable rules to restrict the market behavior of enterprises, and professional institutions to be responsible for the implementation of the rules

"the establishment of the National Energy Administration reflects the idea of" separation of powers "in the decision-making, implementation and supervision of the large ministry reform. It can be predicted that such a regulatory pattern will have advantages over the past for departments to coordinate and cooperate with each other in formulating, implementing and supervising industry rules in the future." Said zhoufengqi, a researcher at the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission

"as the first specialized regulatory body in the network industry field, the original intention of the State Electricity Regulatory Commission is consistent with the general direction of improving the socialist market economic system and reforming the administrative system in China." Gaoshiji said that since they are also important attempts by the government to adjust government functions and improve administrative efficiency under the new situation, the reform of energy management institutions will promote the work of power supervision. "Any useful exploration made in accordance with the operation principles of the modern regulatory system will provide very valuable experience for China's reform and system construction."

the difficulty lies in the urgent need to break through.

since the management structure has been set, what are the key points and breakthroughs in deepening the reform of the power system

linboqiang, director of China energy economy research center of Xiamen University, analyzed that China's power enterprises currently mainly aim at becoming bigger, and the large use of advanced new equipment in first-class power plants is the main reason for the decline in coal consumption, not a reflection of management efficiency. There is a lot of room for power enterprises to improve management efficiency in the future. Therefore, there are two breakthroughs in deepening the reform of power system: one is the price of electricity; Second, access to the electricity market. "It is difficult to improve efficiency because of the constraints of price and access."

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